HAZELNUT CULTIVATION

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Presentation of the Stelo Nursery

We made this video to give you an insight into our work.

Learn more about the world of hazelnuts in this video.

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PLOUGH WITH A RIPPER to facilitate drainage

In order to properly prepare the soil for hazelnut planting, the first step is to make a furrow at least 90–100 cm deep to facilitate water drainage and prevent water stagnation.

Ploughing can be carried out using a ripper (with one or more teeth) or a plough. In the case of ripping, it is advisable to work in two directions, crossing the tracks in order to make the first 40 cm of soil as loose as possible. Cultivation should be carried out in midsummer (July–September).

LEVELLING THE GROUND AFTER PLOUGHING WITH A RIPPER

After ploughing, the soil must be fine-tilled and levelled to prepare it for optimal planting of the young trees.

FINE TILLING THE SOIL AFTER PLOUGHING WITH A RIPPER

In the case of soil with a high presence of tuff, during tilling, it may be necessary to use a tiller to break up the tuff. In this way, the portions of tuff that have risen to the surface as a result of the ploughing will be broken up so as not to create problems during planting and development of the tree.

PLANTING OF HAZELNUT TREES

The adoption of transplanting machines allows a considerable reduction in time and costs, simplifying the procedure of landscaping and levelling the soil with greater precision.

Planting is very fast, especially compared to traditional techniques, and under optimal conditions and depending on the planting layout adopted, it is possible to work up to 6000-7000 m² per hour.

The machine essentially consists of a furrow plough which opens a furrow in the ground to a depth of about 30 centimetres. At the rear of the furrow, there is a rotary distributor where the grippers for picking and releasing the young trees are arranged in a radial pattern.

Accurate planting is ensured by a GPS antenna and control units, including one for ground (slope) compensation, which allow the trees to be positioned in the correct place and always upright.

The positioning error, thanks to the use of an RTK ground station, is less than 3 cm. The machine is able to compensate for tractor trajectory errors by moving the work head transversely while maintaining correct alignment.
The company Lopez, Vetralla (VT), is equipped to carry out the work from the ploughing to the installation and maintenance of the system.

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